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The Museum of the Second World War is a producer of a special short film commemorating the outbreak of the war anniversary. It is intended to warn future generations about the calamities of the war.
The film is to feature not only witnesses of historical events, but also representatives of the post-war generation, including the President of the Republic of Poland. Meeting with Roger Moorhouse.
10 facts about World War 2
It presented wartime poems, songs composed specifically for this occasion, as well as new arrangements of contemporary songs. On the 80th anniversary of the signing of Molotov and Ribbentrop signing a Pact of aggression against the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the Museum along with the European Network Remembrance and Solidarity Institute organised a two-day international scientific conference.
For Australia it meant that the Second World War was finally over. A few Australians flew in the Battle of Britain in August and September, but the Australian army was not engaged in combat until , when the 6th, 7th, and 9th Divisions joined Allied operations in the Mediterranean and North Africa. AWM P Following early successes against Italian forces, the Australians suffered defeat with the Allies at the hands of the Germans in Greece, Crete, and North Africa.
In June and July Australians participated in the successful Allied invasion of Syria, a mandate of France and the Vichy government. Up to 14, Australians held out against repeated German attacks in the Libyan port of Tobruk, where they were besieged between April and August After being relieved at Tobruk, the 6th and 7th Divisions departed from the Mediterranean theatre for the war against Japan.
The 9th Division remained to play an important role in the Allied victory at El Alamein in October before it also left for the Pacific. North Africa, 6 January Australian troops advance into Bardia. AWM Japan entered the war in December and swiftly achieved a series of victories, resulting in the occupation of most of south-east Asia and large areas of the Pacific by the end of March Singapore fell in February, with the loss of an entire Australian division.
The world goes to war
After the bombing of Darwin that same month, all RAN ships in the Mediterranean theatre, as well as the 6th and 7th Divisions, returned to defend Australia. In response to the heightened threat, the Australian government also expanded the army and air force and called for an overhaul of economic, domestic, and industrial policies to give the government special authority to mount a total war effort at home. In March , after the defeat of the Netherlands East Indies, Japan's southward advance began to lose strength, easing fears of an imminent invasion of Australia.
Further relief came when the first AIF veterans of the Mediterranean campaigns began to come home, and when the United States assumed responsibility for the country's defence, providing reinforcements and equipment.
Second World War - latest news, breaking stories and comment - The Independent
In the background a Kittyhawk is about to land. Further Allied victories against the Japanese followed in Australian troops were mainly engaged in land battles in New Guinea, the defeat of the Japanese at Wau, and clearing Japanese soldiers from the Huon peninsula.
This was Australia's largest and most complex offensive of the war and was not completed until April The Australian army also began a new series of campaigns in against isolated Japanese garrisons stretching from Borneo to Bougainville, involving more Australian troops than at any other time in the war. The final series of campaigns were fought in Borneo in How necessary these final campaigns were for Allied victory remains the subject of continuing debate. Australian troops were still fighting in Borneo when the war ended in August Athough more Australian airmen fought against the Japanese, losses among those flying against Germany were far higher.