War and Self-Defense
A legal analysis may seem sterile for discounting the richer fabric of the situation. I am indebted to Dr. Anis F. Kassim for valuable comments he made on a draft of this book. I am further grateful to the college itself for a supportive physical and intellectual environment, and in particular for a research leave that provided time to parse the declassified documents. I am grateful to the students who have endured my Middle East seminar. Their perspectives have helped me think through issues. Joel Lund, J. Finally, I am grateful to Susan Edwards, of the college staff, for preparation of the manuscript for publication, in particular the Index.
Some passages quoted in the book are from sources in languages other than English. When English appears in the text from a source in another language, the translation is the responsibility of the author. Keep up with the latest from Cambridge University Press on our social media accounts. Share this Article today Tweet. Preface A mystery to be solved.
John Quigley, Columbus, Ohio. Enjoyed reading this article?
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Share it today: Tweet. About the Author: John Quigley. Find more articles like this:. The SDF has focused, aptly enough, on defence—hunting submarines and warding off warplanes, for example—while relying on American troops based in Japan to go on the offensive, should that be required. Little by little, however, that formula is changing. Since Shinzo Abe began his second stint as prime minister in , he has pushed to make the SDF more of a normal army, as part of a broader nationalist agenda.
He has passed laws to allow Japan to come to the aid of allies and to permit the SDF to use its weapons in a wider range of circumstances while on UN peacekeeping missions.
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The NSC , which puts out guidelines every five years, issued its latest in December. Three things stand out.
One is the increase in spending on defence. The development of a seaborne strike force, in the shape of the F- laden Izumo , is the most eye-catching aspect. Japan also plans to increase its ranks of cyber-warriors over the next five years, from to Here, too, the gap between defence and offence begins to blur.
These shifts are a response to the rapidly changing security environment. A Japanese defence official observes that since the country published its last defence guidelines in , North Korea has tested 53 missiles and three nuclear bombs. And America, under President Donald Trump, is seen as a less reliable and more demanding ally. Japanese officials acknowledge that their defence drive is aimed partly at shoring up the alliance.
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But Japan is not building military muscle primarily to please America. Even the planned increase in the defence budget will barely make a dent in the disparity. In the first nine months of last year, Japanese warplanes scrambled times against Chinese interlopers. There are also frequent Chinese incursions into the waters around the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea see map , which China claims, calling them Diaoyu, but which Japan controls.
But the anxiety goes beyond this shadowboxing. Japan was slow to shift its military resources from the north, where they were positioned during the cold war for fear of a Soviet invasion. Don't have an account? All Rights Reserved. OSO version 0. University Press Scholarship Online. Sign in. Not registered? Sign up.
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